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演讲技巧:基础常识

wenkui0507 2018-09-02 演讲技巧 28 ℃ 0 评论

演讲技巧:基础常识 
 
Keynote speech 
基调发言 

A Keynote speech is to outline the subjects to be addressed by other speakers at an event,and to establish the tone of a meeting or program. 
基调发言也称主题演讲,目的就是限定一个集会上其他演讲者演讲的主题,奠定一个会议或活动的基调。基调发言也直接关系到确立大会的感情基调。 


What to say 
演讲指南 

Plan well in advance; 
预先计划好; 

Make sure you fully understand your role in the program; 
保证自己充分了解在活动中的角色; 

Devote care to structuring your speech logically; 
认真地构思演讲,使其结构符合逻辑; 

Devote care to setting the proper tone. 
认真设定适当的基调。 

How to use equipment 
如何使用设备 

Check light bulbs,electrical power,cable connections,outlets and contacts,switches and any moving parts; 
检查电灯、电源、线路的连接、插座和触电、开关以及一些移动部件 

Confirm twice that all your equipment will be available on the time of the day that you need it ; 
保证设备能在你使用那天正常工作,至少要确认两次; 

Arrange to have back-up equipment close by and be prepared to present without visuals; 
准备一些后备设备以防万一,并做好没有图像资料仍能演讲的准备; 

Remember to carry your equipment and ensure it will not be lost. 
记得带上所需要用的设备,不要弄丢了。 


Typical signals of nervousness 
紧张的典型特征 

Hands in pockets 手放在口袋里 
Increased blinking of the eyes 眨眼次数过多; 
Failure to make eye contact害怕眼神的接触; 
Licking and biting of the lips 舔嘴唇和史嘴唇; 
Finger tapping 敲叩手指; 
Fast,jerky gestures 手势又急又快; 
Cracking voices 粗哑的声音 
Increased rate of speech 讲话速度加快; 
Clearing of the throat 清嗓子; 
Buttocks clamped tightly together 臀部崩得紧紧的; 
The way to over come nervousness is breathe in deep and breathe out slowly for some times. 
克服紧张的办法是调匀呼吸,深吸气,慢呼出。 


HOW to dress 
如何穿着得体 

Dark colored suits or dresses; 
穿深色西装; 

Red ties or scarves; 
空朴素的白衬衫或上衣; 

Black shoes,freshly polished; 
戴红色的领带或丝巾; 

Very little jewelry -worn discreetly; 
穿刚刚擦亮的黑色鞋子; 

Calm,slow gestures and slow movements; 
尽量不戴首饰,要戴的话要非常小心; 

Shoulders back,chin up. 
挺胸抬头。 


HOW to use gestures 
如何使有手势 

Make sure all your gestures are smooth and natural; 
所有的动作都应该流畅自然; 

Don't put your hands in your pockets; 
不要把手插在口袋里; 

Let your hands and arms drop naturally to your side ,gently fold both indes fingers together,without wringing or gripping your hands in any way; 
将手和手臂自然地在身体两侧下垂,轻微屈起食指,不要扭在一起或紧握拳头; 

Let your hands do what they want to do as long as they don't go back into your pockets or make obscene gestures. 
手想要怎样就让它怎样,直到它不再回到你的口袋或在听众面前做一些惹人讨厌的手势。 

Point at imaginary objects and don't point at others with your index finger; 
手可以指点着假想的物体,不要用食指指着别人; 

Size or quantity can also easily be shown by expanding or contracting the hands; 
心寸的大小和数量的多少也可以通过两手的扩张和收缩来演示; 

Gracefully show your audience the appropriate number of fingers by holding your hands at a 45 degree angle from your head; 
手抬起并与头成四十五度角,优雅地用手势表示出数字; 

TO emphasize physical size such as length,width,hold your hands out in front you widely apart to move them up and down. 
如果想要强调长度尺寸的大小,将两手伸向前方,尽量分开,并上下移动。  
 
 

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